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The How… different scenarios and migration paths Rajesh Poojari VP @savictechnologies


  Rajesh Poojari VP @savictechnologies  One of the 5 pillars of S/4HANA is the choice of deployment. Both  On-Premise as well as Cloud deployments are supported. In this blog you  will gain an inside in the On-Premise deployment and migration  scenarios.

S/4HANA 5 Pillarshttps://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?fit=640%2C291" data-medium-file="https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?fit=300%2C136" data-orig-file="https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?fit=1532%2C695" data-orig-size="1532,695" data-permalink="http://s4hanablog.com/s4hana-5-pillars/" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" src="https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?resize=640%2C290" srcset="https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?w=1532 1532w, https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?resize=300%2C136 300w, https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?resize=768%2C348 768w, https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?resize=1024%2C465 1024w, https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?resize=595%2C270 595w, https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-5-Pillars.png?w=1280 1280w" style="width: 640px; height: 290px;" class="fr-dii fr-draggable">
S/4HANA 5 Pillars

When you go for the On-Premise deployment option there are 3 options;  a completely new installation, a system conversion or a landscape  transformation.

 A new installation is quite straight forward since no migration  activities are necessary except from bringing in your balances, stocks,  open items and other standard cut-over activities. In a system  conversion scenario however, there are additional steps to perform which  will be explained further on.

 The best strategy for your company, either new install, conversion,  cloud or On-Premise depends on the requirements and complexity of the  current IT environment / SAP systems. After reading this blog you will  get more insights in de system conversion options and activities  involved. A specific assessment and analysis should be performed on your  individual situation to define the best path.

S/4HANA Deployment Optionshttps://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Deployment-Options.png?fit=640%2C282" data-medium-file="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Deployment-Options.png?fit=300%2C132" data-orig-file="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Deployment-Options.png?fit=968%2C426" data-orig-size="968,426" data-permalink="http://s4hanablog.com/s4hana-deployment-options/" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" src="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Deployment-Options.png?resize=640%2C282" srcset="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Deployment-Options.png?w=968 968w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Deployment-Options.png?resize=300%2C132 300w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Deployment-Options.png?resize=768%2C338 768w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Deployment-Options.png?resize=604%2C266 604w" style="width: 640px; height: 282px;" class="fr-dii fr-draggable">
S/4HANA Deployment Options

Currently there are 3 major migration scenarios for customers running  SAP ERP 6.0 on any database. Starting from the bottom these are the  following:

S/4HANA Migration Pathshttps://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?fit=640%2C344" data-medium-file="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?fit=300%2C161" data-orig-file="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?fit=1297%2C698" data-orig-size="1297,698" data-permalink="http://s4hanablog.com/s4hana-migration-paths/" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" src="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?resize=640%2C344" srcset="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?w=1297 1297w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?resize=300%2C161 300w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?resize=768%2C413 768w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?resize=1024%2C551 1024w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Paths.png?resize=502%2C270 502w" style="width: 640px; height: 344px;" class="fr-dii fr-draggable">
S/4HANA Migration Paths

Migrate to Suite on HANA: 

 This scenario is purely a technical database migration. This can be  an intermediate step if your company has to renew its hardware but there  is no time and/or budget for an additional migration project to  S/4HANA. Of course there can be more valid reasons. Maybe the company  needs to upscale or renew hardware because of performance issues or  expansion. In these situations going for an in memory HANA appliance is a  no-brainer.

 Since this is only a technical migration, no application migration is  involved. However you still get the performance improvements and the  data compression provided by the HANA technology.

 The biggest advantage is that HANA Live will be available so you can make use of real-time in memory reporting.


Migrating to S/4HANA Finance: 

 Migration to S/4HANA Finance can be chosen for different reasons.  Your company can move to S/4HANA Finance when only the innovations in  Finance are relevant, you would like to enable specific functionality  like Central Finance or you use this path to mitigate risk and shorten  the lead time of the project. There can be many other reasons like  these. If the last applies keep in mind that you still need to go for a  migration to reach the final destination.

 In this blog I will go further with the details of the S/4HANA  Finance migration. These steps are also valid for a migration to S/4HANA  1610.

 In S/4HANA Finance, I have already explained all the innovations in  Part 1 of my blog. As mentioned in the previous blog, S/4HANA Finance  1605 and S/4HANA 1610 are now equal in terms of functionality in  Finance. In terms of migration there are however still some deltas such  as the business partner and the 40-digit material number.


Migrate to S/4HANA 

 If you want to enable all S/4 innovations including the ones in  Supply Chain, Sales and Procurement a direct migration to S/4HANA 1610  is the preferred path. During this path, the Finance migration, which is  also required for an S/4HANA Finance migration, is part of the game as  well. And I can say that the finance migration part is the most  difficult one (see below).

 There are also additional migration activities like the migration of  the customer/vendors to business partners. Along these, there are also  transactions or even functionality which is replaced or removed to  another module.

 To capture this information and to be able to perform a fit-gap SAP  provides a so called simplification list for each release where you can  find all deltas compared to previous releases. I have more to say about  the simplification list further in the blog.

 The migration and system conversion process

 SAP provides are clear process for the conversion to S/4HANA. In the  below figure you can see the required steps and sequences. Along the  technical migration steps, there are application specific preparation  steps (from t2 to t4). For a successful migration it is important that  functional expertise of all the relevant domains are involved in this  phase of the project.

S4/HANA migration Preparation Phase, Realization phasehttps://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Phases.png?fit=640%2C299" data-medium-file="https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Phases.png?fit=300%2C140" data-orig-file="https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Phases.png?fit=791%2C370" data-orig-size="791,370" data-permalink="http://s4hanablog.com/s4hana-migration-phases/" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" src="https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Phases.png?resize=640%2C299" srcset="https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Phases.png?w=791 791w, https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Phases.png?resize=300%2C140 300w, https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Phases.png?resize=768%2C359 768w, https://i2.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Migration-Phases.png?resize=577%2C270 577w" style="width: 640px; height: 299px;" class="fr-dii fr-draggable">
S/4HANA Migration Phases

T1: you need to be aware of system requirements, start releases and  data volume. All information is provided in the Conversion Guide.

 T2: the maintenance planner checks your components, add-ons and business functions to ensure compatibility with S/4HANA.

 T3: The Pre-check tools provide a detailed report about the technical readiness of your system to S/4HANA. There is separate pre-check available for the migration of financial data.

 T4: the migration tool checks the code of your SAP Business Suite  system where it does not comply with the scope and data structures of  SAP S/4HANA.

 T5: this is the technical step where the database migration (if needed) and the software update is performed.

 T6: in the final part we perform the adoption of the innovations.  E.g. adopting the new UI (Fiori 2.0), configuring and modeling the Fiori  apps and enabling and modeling KPI dashboards based on CDS views.

 More about the simplification list

 The Simplification List provides the key information by application  or functional area about the simplifications in SAP S/4HANA. Each  simplification item details the steps that need to be taken for the  conversion from a business and a technical point of view. Actually it is  a collection of all business impact SAP notes. All items in the  simplification list refer to a business impact note.

 This is your entry document to an application conversion from the business suite to S/4HANA.

S/4HANA Simplification Listhttps://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?fit=640%2C281" data-medium-file="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?fit=300%2C132" data-orig-file="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?fit=1563%2C687" data-orig-size="1563,687" data-permalink="http://s4hanablog.com/s4hana-simplification-list/" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" src="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?resize=640%2C281" srcset="https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?w=1563 1563w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?resize=300%2C132 300w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?resize=768%2C338 768w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?resize=1024%2C450 1024w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?resize=604%2C265 604w, https://i0.wp.com/s4hanablog.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/S4HANA-Simplification-List.png?w=1280 1280w" style="width: 640px; height: 282px;" class="fr-dii fr-draggable">
S/4HANA Simplification List

An example of an item in the simplification list is about master data  and specifically the business partner. All related information is  provided in detail. The purpose, the business process related  information and obsolete transaction codes. But also the required  actions. This document in combination with the relevant SAP notes really  gives all the information for a smooth conversion.


 The most tricky part: Migration of Finance

 Now let us discuss the migration of finance. Whether you go for a  full S/4HANA migration or only for an S/4HANA Finance migration, in both  cases you always need to migrate your financials. The migration tasks  consist of the following steps:

  • Preparation and migration of Customizing (GL, CO, AA, ML, Banks)
  • Data Migration (migrate transactional data into the new data structures and generating Compatibility Views of obsolete tables)
  • Activities after migration (some last steps, enriching transactional data and releasing the system).

 To give you an idea of some of the migrations in customizing you can  think of defining document types for posting in Controlling, migration  to New Asset Accounting or migrating your House Banks to the new  structure. Check the previous blog to see the differences with Finance  in R/3, it will clarify some of the necessary migrations steps.

 For the preparation and migration for Finance a very clear path is  provided in the IMG for the above mentioned steps. There is some  guidance, however the steps in the IMG are not always in the correct  sequence! Functional expertise is very essential.

 Finally to control all migration activities a migration monitor is  now provided in S/4HANA 1610. In the monitor you can keep track of all  activities and the status of the individual steps.

 As you can see a migration to S/4HANA should be taken as a project in  which the involvement of both technical (ABAP and Basis) and functional  application consultants is required. Especially for the Financial  migration the expertise and experience of a SAP FiCo consultant is a  must. In the last part (t6) experience and knowledge of Fiori UX and  Embedded Analytics options is very welcome as well. These things will  make the difference compared to your old R/3 system.


 As mentioned before, a migration to S/4HANA is non-disruptive and  backwards compatible. Compatibility views (CDS views) are generated for  all obsolete tables meaning that old programs will continue to work.  Even your custom programs, except when you have INSERT/WRITE statements  to one of the obsolete tables. These should be redirected to the new  data structure. All these necessary steps are captured in the migration  path and tools are provided by SAP to make your system ready for  S/4HANA.

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